There are currently many couples who, for various reasons, cannot get pregnant and therefore, have to resort to fertility treatments and infertility studies
Most couples reach a time when they discuss having children. Those who decide to go ahead and try usually set themselves a period of between 12 and 24 months to conceive naturally by not using contraceptives and increasing the frequency with which they have sex.
If they don't manage to conceive during this time frame, they visit a doctor and have a number of tests in order to rule out any kind of medical reason that's preventing them from becoming parents.
The current pace of life and the fact that women are choosing to become mothers at a later age are two of the factors that might make it more difficult to become pregnant.
Fertility treatments are now more advanced and, therefore, a high percentage of couples who undergo these types of procedures are able to achieve their goal of becoming parents.
Before starting treatment, both partners will have to undergo a fertility study in order to rule out any kind of infertility.
The concept of infertility is defined as the inability to conceive a child. The main reasons for this are problems affecting the functionality of a person's sexual organs or the existence of defective gametes.
In men, this problem can be to do with the production of spermatozoa, which includes hormonal problems affecting the testicles, a disorder in the testicle itself (which may be genetic or congenital), problems affecting semen once it has left the testicles, the lack of movement or quality of spermatozoa, which is known as oligospermia, or the absence of sperm, which is called azoospermia.
Factors that may result in any of the circumstances described above range from conditions such as diabetes to bad lifestyle choices such as the consumption of drugs or alcohol.
In women, infertility may be caused by different factors depending on which area complications affect;
- Cervix: this area connects the vagina with the uterus and fallopian tubes and may have anatomical or functional abnormalities that prevent sperm from reaching the egg.
- Issues affecting the uterus or the lining of the uterus may cause the walls of the uterus to become deformed and endometritis may occur if the lining of the uterus becomes infected.
- Tuboperitoneal factors: These include infections in the oviduct or ovarian tubes that leads to the tubes becoming obstructed through inflammation.
Another cause of infertility in women is not related to an infection but to the production of hormones being either low or above average.
Finally, as with infertility in men, an unhealthy lifestyle including bad habits such as smoking, alcohol and stress can also have a negative impact on women who are trying to conceive.
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